Dairy products and health: what is the evidence?

Recently stories have arisen claiming that dairy intake has a negative effect on the risk of many chronic diseases. A new review article published in Food & Nutrition Research examines the scientific evidence on dairy intake and risk of chronic diseases including obesity, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer and all-cause mortality.

Researchers examined observational studies and randomised controlled trials on dairy intake and risk of chronic disease. The main findings of the review include:

  • A diet high in milk and dairy products lowers the risk of childhood obesity and is associated with improved body composition in adults. This likely contributes to a lower risk of type-2 diabetes.
  • Consumption of 200-300ml of milk and dairy per day is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Researchers noted an inverse relationship between milk and dairy consumption and risk of hypertension and stroke.
  • Consumption of milk and dairy has a positive effect on bone health in childhood and adolescence.
  • Among cancers, milk and dairy consumption probably protects against colorectal, bladder, gastric and breast cancers.
  • Finally there was no association between milk and dairy consumption and all-cause mortality.

In conclusion scientific evidence supports the intake of milk and dairy products and consumption may protect against many chronic diseases.

 

Posted: 07/12/2016 10:00:45 by Anne Parle
Filed under: Cancer, Dairy, Diabetes, Milk, Obesity


 

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